Travel Diseases

Travel Diseases

Understanding Different Travel Diseases and The Risks

There are many diseases which can pose a risk to the uninformed traveller.  Ever wanted to know what Dengue Fever is? Or what about Cholera or Polio?  We often hear reports about the dreaded Ebola Virus or the Zika Virus Disease . But then maybe you just want to find out what vaccinations you need for travelling to your chosen destination. Stop here for all the disease advice you can handle.

Topic Headings

  • BCG Vaccination

    BCG vaccination has been shown to give 70%-80% protection against TB (Tuberculosis). The vaccine is given in a single dose following a ‘negative’ mantoux test.
  • Bird Flu, Avian Influenza A (H5N1)

    Avian Influenza or Bird Flu as we have commonly come to know it is an infectious type of influenza that usually only affects birds. The virus is passed on through ...
  • Chikungunya

    Chikungunya is a viral disease, which spreads to humans via infected mosquitoes. Aedes aegypti mosquitoes (the same mosquitoes that spread Yellow fever) become infected when they bite a human already ...
  • Cholera

    Cholera is a bacterial infection, which causes severe diarrhoea and can eventually lead to death through severe dehydration. The infection is spread through infected food and water, or from one ...
  • Diphtheria

    Diphtheria is an acute infection affecting the upper respiratory system. It is spread by droplets, which are passed through coughing or sneezing. It can also be transmitted via intimate contact ...
  • Ebola

    Ebola is a highly contagious virus, which is very easily spread through body fluids such as mucus, saliva or blood.
  • Hepatitis A

    Hepatitis A is spread by the faecal-oral route, person to person or through contaminated water or food. It is the second most common infection in travellers. Blood borne transmission occurs ...
  • Hepatitis B

    Hepatitis B is the third most common infection in travellers. It is a disease, which affects the liver. It is 100 times more infectious than HIV and can survive in ...
  • Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

    HIV is a virus. HIV is spread in travellers via sexual contact with an infected partner, through infected blood transfusions and infected blood products, and via contaminated needles.
  • Japanese Encephalitis

    Culex mosquitoes spread Japanese Encephalitis. The disease is spread to humans via the bite of an infected mosquito which breeds in rice fields and feeds on pigs, birds and ducks. ...
  • Lassa Fever

    Lassa fever is a viral disease, which is carried by rats. It is then spread from infected rodents to humans.
  • Malaria

    Malaria is an increasing problem around the world. In part this is caused by changing global temperatures and drug resistance. Millions of people die from Malaria each year and it ...
  • Malaria – Malarone

    Malarone is a combination anti-malarial drug (Atovaquone and Proguanil).  The drug has been shown to be effective in the prevention of P.Falciparum malaria. The main reported side effects seem to ...
  • Malaria lifecycle

    An excellent pictorial diagram of the lifecycle of the mosquito responsible for the spread of malaria. Provided and reproduced with permission from GlaxoSmithKline.
  • Measles

    Measles is a viral disease, which is highly infectious. It most commonly begins with a characteristic fever and blotchy red rash. The rash usually begins on the face and behind ...
  • Polio

    Polio is a disease that primarily affects the nervous system. It is spread via the faecal-oral route from person to person and can also be transmitted via dirty food and ...
  • Preventing Dengue Fever

    Dengue Fever (DF) is a mosquito-borne disease affecting an estimated 50 million people each year. DF occurs in all tropical and some sub-tropical areas of the world, usually in an ...
  • Rabies

    Rabies is a disease transmitted to humans via the bite of an infected animal. Rabies is an acute viral infection, which affects the central nervous system.
  • SARS – Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome

    This “flu like” illness began in South East Asia with early reports in 2003 from China, Vietnam and Hong Kong. Within a very short period of time the disease spread ...
  • Schistosomiasis

    Flukes, whose life cycle requires fresh water snails, cause Schistosomiasis. Schistosomiasis is contracted through the skin from fresh water contaminated with urine or faeces of an infected person.
  • Smallpox

    Following increasing ‘scenarios’ related to smallpox, as well as the showing of a feature story about an outbreak of the disease in a Chicago Hospital on the TV Hit series ...
  • Swine Flu and 2009 H1N1

    Swine Flu, or Swine Influenza, is an infectious respiratory disease that usually only affects pigs. The disease is caused by one of several swine influenza A viruses. 
  • Tetanus

    Tetanus is caused by a bacterium most often found in the soil, but spores can also be found in the faeces of domestic animals. Tetanus is usually contracted through minor ...
  • Tick Borne Encephalitis

    Tick Borne Encephalitis is a viral disease spread via the bite of an infected Ixodes tick. It can also be transmitted via unpasturised milk from infected goats or cows.
  • Travel Advice on Zika Virus Disease

    What is Zika Virus? Zika Virus has been declared a “Public Health Emergency of International concern” (WHO).  It is a disease spread by mosquitos. This is not a new disease. The ...
  • Tuberculosis

    Tuberculosis is a bacterial disease that most commonly affects the lungs. It can also affect other major areas such as the bones and joints and kidneys.
  • Tularaemia Disease (Tularemia)

    What is Tularaemia Disease? Tularaemia (Tularemia) is an infectious disease.  It is spread to humans by an infected tick bite or animal contact.  The bacteria enters the body through an area ...
  • Typhoid

    Typhoid is a bacterial infection of the digestive tract, caused by gram-negative bacillus Salmonella typhi. It is spread by faecal-oral route via contaminated food and water from an infected human ...
  • West Nile Virus

    West Nile Virus (WNV) is a virus spread primarily through the bite of an infected mosquito. The virus usually circulates among birds and mosquitoes. Animals and humans are only occasionally ...
  • Yellow Fever Virus

    Yellow Fever is a virus, which is spread via the bite of an infected mosquito. It is found in tropical areas of Africa and South America. While the disease is ...